Minimum volatility indices have outperformed their market-cap weighted parent indices over long periods in time. This finding has challenged conventional finance theory, which states that portfolios with higher returns should come with higher risks.
Organ transplantation helps to save overall costs. Of all organ transplantations, kidney transplantation is the most frequent by a wide margin (66% of total transplanted organs in 2016).1 Despite the high cost, various health economics studies found that the procedure is cost-saving. To mention one of the studies: “In conclusion, kidney transplantation is cost-effective across all donor types despite higher costs for marginal organs and innovative living donor practices.”2